Marma significa " sensitivo" o tambien " vulnerable". Es termino proveniente del ayurveda, de donde parte la medicina oriental historicamente, es una vision bastante practica en el manejo de regiones amplias como lo es la zona ventral de tronco.
Los marmas como tal son zonas potencialmente letales y tambien terapeuticas
Mapped out centuries ago in the Sushruta Samhita,1 there are 22 marmas on the lower extremities, 22 on the arms, 12 on the abdomen and chest, 14 on the back, and 37 on the neck and head.
Mapped out centuries ago in the Sushruta Samhita,1 there are 22 marmas on the lower extremities, 22 on the arms, 12 on the abdomen and chest, 14 on the back, and 37 on the neck and head. Marmas range in size from one-half anguli2 to four anguli, or the breadth of a fist. Smaller marmas can be called points, but the larger marmas correspond to a zone or region. There are major marmas that correlate to the seven spinal chakras, internal organs have marma points, and joints may potentially be marma regions. In addition to the 107 classical marmas, each individual will also have their own unique marmas relative to their age, build, weight, posture, behavior, and diet. The entire skin surface of the body can be thought of as the 108th marma, conjoining
Marma massage is one method of helping to balance the three biological humors, or doshas, that exist in every person. All ayurvedic therapies that work on the prana in some way, including marma massage, seek to harmonize its functions, primarily through the tridosha -- vatta, pitta, and kapha. "Dosha" literally means "that which will imbalance" and the three doshas are the primary factors behind both health and disease. They regulate our internal climate through their ever-changing interactions of movement (vatta), heat (pitta), and moisture (kapha). According to David Frawley, one of the leading ayurvedic physicians, "Health consists of the timely development and harmonious interaction of the three doshas. Disease is caused by their imbalances, excesses, and inappropriate movements."3Marma therapy is the most direct way to harmonize the prana in the body. Abhyanga utilizes not only massage techniques, but also the medicinal properties of oils, herbs, and aromas, whereas mardana focuses on the application of finger or thumb pressure to marmas. Since marmas are sensitive points, gentle pressure is used, primarily with the thumb, which projects the main pranic energy of the hand. Clockwise motion is stimulating and is indicated when tonification or strengthening the internal organs and tissues is desired. Counterclockwise movement is beneficial for sedating excess doshas, dispersing blocked energy, and for detoxification. Massaging the whole body opens marma energy and prepares the ground for the most effective treatment of specific marmas. However, individual marmas can also be massaged by themselves as a quick treatment.